地理 风俗 (8)

近城及各乡村,大小溪边皆设水硾舂米。其硾有浇轮,有顺水轮。浇轮安轮于硾尾,顺水轮安轮于硾旁。皆相水势缓急高下之所宜。轮中间贯以长轴,轴上木齿参差。溪水激流,轮随水转,转则齿触硾尾而硾起,齿离硾尾而硾落。倏起倏落总无停机,舂米之法真用力少而成功多也。至于屋内硾旁设水砻水磨,又分水轮之力圆转利用。虽曰人巧,亦复纯任自然。(——辑前志。)

(——邑人蒋士铨《水硾》诗,昂昂长喙声相凌,俯者稍抑仰者矜。临江缚屋黄茅增,络石叠坝围崚磳。一轮侧波天光X,激水倒旋失所恒。机轴横贯石臼层,硾嘴错列群饥鹰。倏抗倏坠伏且腾,如鸟啄食香秔凝。狐狸月暗来萝藤,微灯欲灭人醒会。金石砥触铿廉X,骏马龁槽圉莫[纟恒]。习静欲问浮屠僧,豪毛世事纷鬅䯺。人心机巧何缘兴,任智役物非镂冰。利用取水自古承,簖蟹作舍渔有罾。桔槔已羡今人能,设[市臼]更惜劳股肱。滩头处处舂声应,丰年粱稻堆冈陵。饱煖乃欲习XX,力田渐懒亲畦X。射潮踏波呼友朋,水X可狎变诈凭,人力所谋天工胜。)

碾谷用泥砻,其齿削竹片攒砌而成,故不耐久。多则碾百余石竹齿即钝,不若木砻之较坚。其制将老松树,或杉树,截为段,用篾箍聚,较泥砻围宽尺许。上下两截,每截高八九寸。底盖合缝处密密凿成锯齿,用之圆转轻而且驶。齿平则再凿之。一砻约计可用数年或十余年不等。总以碾谷多寡为衡。(——节前志。)

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One of the seven billion on this planet.
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